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֧էݧѧԧѧ֧ާѧ ާ֧էڧܧ ֧ߧܧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ ֧ѧݧߧԧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧ ߧӧѧߧ ߧ ڧߧڧѧ ߧܧڧߧѧݧߧԧ ާէ֧ݧڧӧѧߧڧ ܧߧާڧ֧ܧڧ ڧ֧.

ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ C ҧߧ ӧ٧ӧѧѧ էݧԧӧ ҧ٧ѧ֧ݧӧ (ܧ֧էڧ) ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ܧ.

ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ C ѧѧܧ֧ڧڧܧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧,  ܧѧ ڧӧѧ֧ ڧߧѧߧӧ ӧ٧ާاߧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧ ߧѧܧѧݧڧӧѧ ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ҧ֧ާ է֧ߧ֧اߧ ֧է ٧ ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ .

֧ߧܧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ C ֧ߧܧ ڧߧѧߧӧԧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧..

֧ӧڧ էէ. ֧ߧܧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ ߧ ߧӧ ֧ߧܧ ڧߧѧߧӧԧ ߧڧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧. ݧ ֧ߧܧ ڧߧѧߧӧԧ ߧڧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧ ڧݧ٧:

- ߧѧҧ ڧߧѧߧӧ ܧڧڧ֧ߧ, (10-40 ܧڧڧ֧ߧ, ҧݧѧ էڧާ ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ (֧է֧ݧ ܧ֧ߧ ֧);

- ѧԧ֧ԧѧ ڧߧѧߧӧ ܧڧڧ֧ߧ C ԧ էߧէߧ ܧڧڧ֧ߧ (ݧڧܧӧڧէߧ, ۧܧ ..), էܧѧڧ ӧ٧ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ާާڧӧѧߧڧ (֧է֧ݧ ܧ֧ߧ ֧) - ާ֧ ѧߧ. ާާѧ ѧӧڧ ӧ֧ӧڧ ߧ֧ܧ ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ҧѧݧݧ. ֧ߧܧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ C ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ҧѧݧݧ,

֧էѧܧ: ߧڧ٧ܧѧ ߧ, ߧ֧էӧ֧ߧ, ӧڧ ӧ٧  ѧѧܧ֧ڧڧܧѧާ ֧ѧݧߧԧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧, ڧާ֧֧ԧ ֧ߧ֧ӧ է է.

֧էݧѧԧѧ֧ާ է ֧ߧܧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ ڧݧ٧֧ ֧ߧܧ ڧߧѧߧӧԧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧, ߧӧѧߧߧ ߧ ѧѧܧ֧ڧڧܧ ֧ԧ ڧҧݧߧ ާ ֧ߧѧҧ֧ݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧԧ ܧѧڧѧݧ () ڧҧݧ [1].

֧ ܧڧ ڧ , ڧҧݧ, ݧ֧ߧߧѧ ٧ ӧ֧ާ էݧاߧ ܧӧѧ ҧ֧ ܧ֧էڧ

Yp(T) = Xl

(1)

է   C ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ܧڧ. ڧާ֧ էݧ =1.

1. ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧڧ. ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ C ܧ ԧѧ֧ߧڧ ܧ֧էڧ. ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ ѧӧ֧ ڧҧݧ, ݧ֧ߧߧ ٧ ֧էڧߧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ (ާ֧)

V=Xl / T = Yp(T)/T= Yp(1).

(2)

ѧ٧է֧ݧڧ (1) ߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ܧѧڧѧ . ԧէ ݧӧڧ ܧڧ (1) C ݧӧڧ ѧӧ֧ߧӧ ֧ߧѧҧ֧ݧߧ ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ܧ֧էڧ

rpw(T)=l

(3)

ԧէ rpw(T)=Y(T)/Xw  C ֧ߧѧҧ֧ݧߧ ڧҧݧ ٧ ӧ֧ާ . l=Xl / XwC ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ܧ֧էڧ.

֧է֧ݧ֧ߧڧ. ڧڧ֧ߧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ ѧӧ֧ ֧ߧѧҧ֧ݧߧ ڧҧݧ ٧ ާ֧

v = l / T=rpw(T) / T= rpw(1)

(4)

2. ѧا֧ߧڧ էݧ ֧ߧѧҧ֧ݧߧ . ݧ٧֧ާ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ֧ էݧ ֧ߧѧҧ֧ݧߧ ڧҧݧ ٧ ާ֧ ӧڧէ ާާ [2]

rpw = krpk+l rpl + (k+l) rp

(5)

ԧէ rpk C ֧ߧѧҧ֧ݧߧ ڧߧӧ֧ڧӧѧߧߧԧ ߧӧߧ ڧҧݧ; rpl C ֧ߧѧҧ֧ݧߧ ٧ѧ֧ާߧԧ ܧѧڧѧݧ (ܧ֧էڧ) էݧߧڧ֧ݧߧ ڧҧݧ; rp  C ֧ߧѧҧ֧ݧߧ ڧߧӧ֧ڧڧ ֧ߧ֧ӧ ڧҧݧ; C  ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ֧ߧ֧ӧԧ էէ; k C  ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ڧߧӧ֧ڧӧѧߧߧԧ /

3. ѧا֧ߧڧ էݧ ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ. էѧӧڧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ էݧ ֧ߧѧҧ֧ݧߧ (5) ݧӧڧ ܧڧ (3)

l/T= krpk+l rpl + (k+l) rp  

 

ԧէ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ էݧ ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ܧ֧էڧ

. ާݧ 1

 

(5) ݧ֧է֧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ էݧ ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ

. ާݧ 2

(6)

ӧ٧ӧѧ ܧ֧էڧ

T=l / v  .

(7)

 

ѧا֧ߧڧ էݧ ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ է֧ܧݧѧڧ֧ާԧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧. ֧ܧݧѧڧ֧ާ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧ էѧߧߧ ѧاѧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧, ܧ ֧ߧ֧ӧ է ݧڧҧ ӧ֧, ݧڧҧ ܧӧѧ֧. ڧڧ֧ߧ է֧ܧݧѧڧ֧ާ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ, ܧѧ ѧߧ ݧѧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ (6) ߧݧ֧ӧ  ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ֧ߧ =0, ڧӧѧ֧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ֧

. ާݧ 3

(8)

ѧ٧ݧڧڧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ (6) (8) ѧاѧ֧ ڧ٧ӧ֧ߧ ݧا֧ߧڧ , ֧ߧ֧ӧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧, է֧ܧݧѧڧڧ ҧܧ , ݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧߧ, ߧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ, ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ӧݧ֧ ڧҧݧߧ ӧݧߧ  ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ.

4. ݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ܧ֧էڧߧ ڧڧ ܧݧڧ֧ߧ էݧ ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ֧ߧ.

ݧ٧ է֧ܧݧѧڧ֧ާ էѧߧߧ ܧ֧էڧߧ ڧڧ ܧݧڧ֧ߧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ ާاߧ ѧڧѧ ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ֧ߧ֧ӧԧ էէ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧ ܧݧڧ֧ߧ ާݧ, ݧ֧ߧߧ ڧ (5)

. ާݧ 4

(9)

ݧ ѧ֧ ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ֧ߧ֧ӧԧ էէ ާݧ (9) ߧ ֧ҧ֧ ߧ էݧߧڧ֧ݧߧѧ ڧߧާѧڧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧ ܧݧڧ֧ߧ. ާ ܧݧڧ֧ߧ էѧا ߧ է٧֧ӧѧ֧ ѧܧڧ  ѧ֧ѧ.

ڧާ֧ ѧ֧.

1. ݧڧ֧ߧ ٧ѧѧڧӧѧ֧ ܧ֧էڧ ҧ֧ާ ݧӧڧߧ ߧ 5 ާ֧֧. ֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧߧ է֧ܧݧѧڧ֧ާ ڧߧѧߧӧ ֧ ݧ֧է֧, ҧڧ٧ߧ֧ ڧާ֧֧ ߧڧ٧ܧڧ ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ֧ߧѧҧ֧ݧߧ ٧ ާ֧ rpk = rpl =0,01  k=0,9. ԧէ ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ

. ާݧ 5 

 

ӧ٧ӧѧ ܧ֧էڧ ާݧ (7) ѧӧݧ֧ 50 ާ֧֧

. ާݧ 6 

 

ӧݧ֧ ߧӧѧߧڧ֧ էݧ ܧѧ٧ ӧէѧ ܧ֧էڧ.

2. էԧ ߧ, ڧ ܧ֧էڧߧ ڧڧ ܧݧڧ֧ߧ ݧ֧է֧, ܧݧڧ֧ߧ ߧ֧էߧܧѧߧ ҧѧ ѧߧѧݧԧڧߧ ܧ֧էڧ   ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ԧѧѧ ֧ԧ ٧ 5 ާ֧֧. ԧէ ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ ܧ֧էڧߧ ڧڧ ܧݧڧ֧ߧ, ѧڧѧߧߧѧ ާݧ (7)

. ާݧ 7 

 

3. ݧ٧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ ާاߧ ѧڧѧ ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ֧ߧ֧ӧԧ էէ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧ ܧݧڧ֧ߧ ާݧ, ݧ֧ߧߧ ڧ (5)

. ާݧ 8

ާߧ֧ߧڧ ܧ֧, ֧ߧѧҧ֧ݧߧ ڧߧӧ֧ڧڧ ֧ߧ֧ӧ ڧҧݧ rp =0,1

4. ѧ֧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ ܧݧڧ֧ߧ ֧ ֧ߧ

. ާݧ 9 

 

ܧѧ٧ӧѧ֧, ܧݧڧ֧ߧ  ӧݧߧ  ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ ާا֧ ӧ֧ߧ ܧ֧էڧ ٧ 5 ާ֧֧.

ߧӧѧߧڧ ѧ֧ ݧѧ֧ا֧ҧߧ ܧݧڧ֧ߧ ֧ ֧ߧ ާاߧ ڧߧ ܧߧѧ֧ݧߧ ֧֧ߧڧ ӧէѧ ܧ֧էڧ.

 

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